Development of Sanitation Monitoring Tool
By Njoroge Kamau
The project was implemented in Kwale District of Kwale County. The district has an estimated population of 183,000 and sanitation coverage of 43%. Over 50% of the population has no access to sanitation and a good proportion of them practice open defecation.
To eliminate open defecation, we devised new sanitation practices, the principle one being community led total sanitation (CLTS). While new strategies have been devised, sanitation monitoring tools have not changed which poses challenges to sanitation practitioners. For instance, the already existing tools did not capture latrine construction process and behavior change aspect like hand washing.
These are critical aspects in the sense that sanitation has both construction and behavior change process. Therefore, the project developed an M&E tool that took into cognizance these unique aspects of CLTS to assist sanitation practitioners to effectively track sanitation coverage progress in the field. The tool was developed together with public health department in Kwale district. The end users were public health officials and CHWs in various CUs in Kwale District.